Sebangau National Park is home to one of the largest populations of orangutans. There are around 5,800 more orangutans within the Sebangau National Park area. But the condition of orangutans in the Sebangau National Park is threatened with extinction due to encroachment, and illegal logging that occurs in the Sebangau National Park area.

From the results of monitoring the Network of Independent Forestry Monitors (JPIK) in 2016-2018 found an area that was opened and planted with oil palm and illegal logging that occurred to supply the local timber industry.

This is very ironic because the Government of Indonesia has stated that Sebangau National Park is a pilot location for peatland restoration and included it in REDD + demonstration activities (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), but ongoing encroachment is damaging the peatland ecosystem.

Changes from the beginning of the forest landscape to oil palm plantations have a negative impact on the environment. The impact is the loss of orangutan habitat that lives in the Sebangau National Park area. In Tangkiling, the loss of forests forces orangutans to move and build nests in oil palm plantations. This happens because land clearing occurs continuously.

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